5G is the next generation internet network of mobile internet network technology after 4G. Just like every previous generation, 5G aims to make mobile communication faster and more reliable as more and more devices go online. And this is stated as internet technology with speed 10X faster than 4G.
Unlike in the past, when the mobile internet network only needed to support cell phones that were only used for web browsing and text messaging, now almost all types of devices require internet with large bandwidth capacities such as smartphones for streaming HD video, smart watches with data plans , and ever-on security cameras, self-driving and internet-connected cars, and other promising devices such as health sensors and ever-growing AR and VR devices.
As more and more devices are connected to the web, the entire infrastructure needs to accommodate traffic to not only support faster connections but also handle simultaneous ones better and provide wider coverage for these devices. And here is a complete explanation of 5G wireless internet.
Benefits of 5G Internet Technology for You
- There is almost no lag when loading video streams and playing games
- 5G internet speed is 10 to 20 times faster than 4G
- Safer City Streets with smart, connected vehicles
- Instant access to most online files
- Smaller devices that release hardware requirements to remote servers
- An explosion of new products and applications that require blazing fast internet speeds
- Reliable internet in remote areas
How is 5G different from other “Gs”?
5G is just the next generation number after 4G, which replaces all the old technology.
- 1G introducing analog sound
- 2G introducing digital voice: 2G represents the second generation of wireless digital technology. The fully digital 2G network replaces the analog 1G technology from the 1980s. 2G network as the first commercial network on the GSM standard. GSM, which allows international roaming, is an acronym for the global system for cellular communications.
- 3G deliver cellular data: 3G services are known as third generation services, are high-speed access to data and voice services, which are made possible by the use of 3G networks. A 3G network is a high-speed mobile broadband network, offering data rates of at least 144 kilobits per second (Kbps).
- 4G paving the way for wider use of the mobile internet: 4G wireless is a term used to describe fourth generation wireless cellular services. 4G is a big step up from 3G services and up to 10 times faster than 3G services. Sprint was the first operator to offer 4G speeds in the United States starting in 2009. Now all operators offer 4G service in most parts of the country including Indonesia, although some rural areas only have slower 3G coverage.
When will 5G come out?
The timing of this 5G internet technology launch depends not only on where we live but also which service providers are available in our area.
Currently, 5G is only available in certain locations in certain countries, so not just anyone can sign up for this service for a while and of course in Indonesia it is still not available. Verizon, AT&T, Sprint, T-Mobile, and several smaller companies already provide 5G to customers in the United States, but especially in big cities. There are also several other operators that have existing 5G networks elsewhere around the world.
5G phones are also an important component of this new fifth generation cellular network because not just any phone can work with the 5G network. Cellphones and other devices running on the 5G network are available from several providers and in some developed countries will be out later this year.
Latest 5G News
Internet service providers, mobile network operators and other companies are constantly coming out with new 5G internet technology trials and other announcements as 5G roll out around the world.
- September 24: Xiaomi announced the Mi 9 Pro 5G smartphone.
- September 24: Nokia opens the 5G Future X Lab at its headquarters in Finland.
What is 5G for?
This may seem obvious given that nowadays almost everyone uses smartphones everywhere, but even though mobile phones have clearly become major players in this cellular communication, 5G is definitely not the only focus in 5G networks for cellular alone.
As you will see below, components using 5G will have ultra-fast connections and very minimal lag. Anyone who streams videos from their smartphone, will be really very fast and there is no lag like the network we use today.
One of the applications that will use 5G is of course Augmented Reality devices and Virtual Reality headsets. These devices require an incredible amount of bandwidth and need to communicate over the internet as quickly as possible to have the desired effect. Any latency can drastically affect how “real” feels in the virtual environment.
The same is true for other devices that need to respond quickly, such as autonomous cars to avoid sudden collisions and understand turn-by-turn precise direction, remotely operated hardware, and robotic systems that learn or obey remote controllers.
In addition, 5G still paves the way for smoother connectivity of our everyday devices, too, such as when playing games, making video calls, streaming movies, downloading files, sharing HD and 4K media, receiving real-time traffic updates, vlogging, etc.
5G is so fast that it’s not only available for mobile devices. This has the potential to completely replace your wired high-speed connection via fixed wireless access!
How Does 5G Technology Work?
Like other wireless communication methods, the 5G internet sends and receives data in the radio spectrum. However, unlike what we use with 4G, 5G uses a higher frequency (millimeter waves) on the radio spectrum to achieve ultrafast speeds.
The downside of using high frequencies to transmit data is that these frequencies experience more interference from things like trees and buildings, which means strategically positioned small towers are needed to propel a city-wide network.
However, not all mobile network operators work the same way. Some companies use the 5G internet network at the lower end of the radio spectrum so that the transmitter towers can reach a wider area and penetrate walls, but the swap is a slower speed.
5G Specifications: Data Rate and Latency
With 5G internet technology, everything related to cellular communication is faster, starting from the speed at which you can download and upload data to a number of devices that can connect to the internet simultaneously.
5G cells, which send and receive cellular data, support speeds of at least 20 Gb / s for download and 10 Gb / s for upload, with latencies as low as 4 ms or more.
However, in most situations, this might translate to real world speeds of 100 Mb / s (12.5 MB / s) and 50 Mb / s (6.25 MB / s), respectively, but can easily fluctuate up or down depending on various circumstances. In comparison, the average mobile download speed in the United States is around 30 Mbps – three times slower than that available on a 5G internet network.
For example, in an ideal situation with 5G speeds as fast as 1 Gb / s, you can download a 3GB movie to your phone in 24 seconds, or downloadupload YouTube videos 1GB in just eight seconds.
5G Technology Supports Multiple Devices
At least the 5G network must support 1 million devices for every square kilometer (0.386 square miles). This means that in that amount of space, the 5G internet network is capable of connecting 1 million or more devices to the internet at the same time.
This type of scenario may seem difficult to understand given the cities with the highest population densities (such as Manila Philippines, Jakarta Indonesia and Mumbai India) can “only” accommodate between 70,000 and 110,000 people for every square mile.
However, 5G internet technology does not need to support just one or two devices per person, but also everyone’s smartwatch, all vehicles in the area that may be connected to the internet, smart locks in nearby homes, wearables, and every stream. other or for new-released devices that need to be on the internet network.
It is estimated that, globally, there will be 1.3 billion connections on 5G networks by the end of 2023.
5G cells can communicate with all types of devices, such as those used by a stationary person who does not move to a person in high-speed vehicles such as trains, traveling up to 500 km (310 mph).
It’s possible that different areas will require different mobile base stations to accommodate different speeds. For example, a small city that only has users traveling by car and on foot may not have the same base station as a large city with a high-speed public transport system.
More Information on 5G
5G and other mobile broadband standards are set by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP). 3GPP Release 16 is “phase 2” of the 5G project, and will be completed in March 2020.
For a much more technical reading of the 5G specifications, see the document Microsoft Word this is released from the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).
Once 5G is widely available, it is likely that it will be a major advance today in mobile internet networking. Instead of switching to 6G or 7G internet technology later, we might just stick with 5G technology but get incremental improvements over time.
It’s confusing when it comes to 5G over 5 GHz Wi-Fi, but they are not the same thing. The former is the cellular network technology whereas the latter is the frequency band used in some Wi-Fi routers.
And that’s a complete explanation of the 5G internet network technology that will replace 4G in the next few years. Hopefully our country will also bring 5G in its network, but of course when 5G comes, smartphones and other devices will have to adapt or we have to buy new 5G-enabled devices to enjoy new, faster technologies.