Complete Guide: How to Install Ubuntu Server 18.04 – After I previously made an article on how to install the desktop version of Ubuntu 18.04, now I will share with you a complete guide on how to install Ubuntu Server 18.04. Ubuntu server 18.04 is currently a very cloud-friendly server operating system and is slightly different from its predecessors. Here are the significant changes from Ubuntu server 18.04.
The new Ubuntu Server has arrived and promises to be the most cloud-friendly server OS platform to date Linux servers from other Linux distributions. The changes to this latest ubuntu server have been made very clear that the Ubuntu Server installation has changed. Even though the installation is still text based (remains on the lite side), there have been some changes. Not only will you soon notice a slightly polished look change, but there are also a few additions that can lead to a really interesting thing or two and make you feel this is super easy.
I’ll walk you through the process of installing the latest iteration of Ubuntu Server 18.04. And I’ll also highlight bits that are significant changes to previous platform iterations.
Get Image Installer
Of course, before you can install ubuntu server, you must have an image installer. Of course you can download free ISO images from Ubuntu Server 18.04 here. After the image download is complete, you can burn it to a CD / DVD / USB flasdisk or use it for a virtual machine (via VirtualBox or VMware). I will install via VirtualBox. For the process of making an ISO ubuntu server boot on a USB flash drive, you can read the following article:
How to Install Ubuntu Server 18.04
The first thing you will notice is that the installation itself looks different (Figure A).
Figure A – A new (and more colorful) Ubuntu Server installation.
Although it may look a little different, navigating through the installation is the same. Use the arrow keys on the keyboard, the Tab key, and the Enter key.
The first screen that reveals significant changes is the installation type (Figure B). Here you can choose from a standard install (Install Ubuntu) and install two types of MAAS bare-metal cloud installations. The two types of MAAS servers are:
- Region Controller (dealing with operator requests)
- Rack Controller (provides high bandwidth service to multiple racks)
Figure B – Ubuntu Server 18.04 installation type.
If you are not working with MAAS, select the first option and press Enter on your keyboard. I’ll be using this standard installation as an example in this article.
Screen 4/9 will cause a lot of fun. Because this is different from the previous version of Ubuntu server, where you can finally configure the IP network with a page that has a network interface to use a static IP address (Figure C).
Figure C – It is now very easy to assign a static IP address to your network interface.
You can assign IPv4 or IPv6 addresses, making it a lot easier to make the server ready for use, without having to manually configure static (post-installation) addresses where you previously had to assign everything to blank pages without the current interface.
During the installation, you are asked to create a new user (new user). In this screen (Figure D), you can also import SSH identities from Github or Launchpad. If you choose to import SSH Keys, they will be automatically added to the file
Figure D – Adding a user (user) during installation.
The installation will complete fairly quickly. When done, you will be asked to reboot (Figure E) and you are ready to start working with a very cloud friendly server platform.
Figure E – Now the installation process is complete, and you are ready to reboot and login to your Ubuntu server.
NOTE: I have experienced (on several occasions) that the initial login prompt was flooded with output. If this happens to you, just type in your username (even though you don’t see the login prompt), hit Enter, and you’ll be prompted for a password. The Login process will work exactly as expected.
Although the interface is different for the installation, with the exception of a few screens, the process should be familiar to users who have already installed an older version of Ubuntu Server. The developers have done a great job of making the installation of this latest version of Ubuntu Server one of the easiest you will ever experience.
And that’s the guide to install ubuntu server 18.04 which is very easy and fast. Hopefully this article was useful for you and good luck. 🙂