CentOS vs Ubuntu, which is the best of the two? – With so many Linux distributions available, choosing one linux distribution for you to install and use on your computer is not easy. Especially if you are faced with the choice of choosing a Linux distribution for your server it is even more difficult. Since servers run 24 hours a day without lag, it means that servers often perform more complex tasks, so choosing a distro you can trust is key.
Ubuntu is one of the more popular options due to its unique presence, but Ubuntu isn’t the only option. You can still choose other distributions such as CentOS. Yes CentOS is another great choice thanks to its solid and stable reputation. You can read in the following articles for → Complete Guide on How to Install the Latest CentOS 8.
Ubuntu is the best choice for most people, but there are cases where you might want to consider using CentOS. You can read in the following articles for → Complete Guide: How to Install Linux Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Desktop.
By reading this comparison article, it will be easier for you when choosing what operating system (CentOS vs Ubuntu) you want to run on VPS hosting You.
If you’ve read about Linux, you’re probably familiar with Ubuntu. This is linux distro which is easy to use and builds on Debian and it is one of the more widely used versions of Linux around the world.
This OS has become my personal favorite and also very popular due to its Debian architecture and large community. It is also an open source platform and it keeps getting updates meant to identify and remove bugs. This OS comes packed with features and package groups that can meet the requirements of any project you want.
Ubuntu also has a lot of compatible applications, which accumulate to more than 40,000. So now you have an OS with adequate security, high customization capabilities, and a variety of helpful software.
CentOS, on the other hand, is probably more of a mystery distro. This distribution is built based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux, which is a paid linux product, people even call this system a replica of RHEL (Red Hat Enterprise Linux). CentOS is available for free and is open source but takes advantage of the work that goes into Red Hat Enterprise Linux.
But when you use CentOS, you don’t get the same support you get when using Red Hat because you’re free CentOS and don’t pay for support. However, CentOS is supported by a large community, so you are not alone when you run into problems.
The CentOS operating system is more stable, secure and highly customizable. It also gets several enterprise-grade updates which makes it a very safe choice for potential users. Many users say that CentOS is better than Ubuntu.
Now let’s look at the comparison between the two, namely CentOS vs Ubuntu for various conditions and uses for each below.
Server: CentOS vs Ubuntu
Apart from the Ubuntu desktop version which is widely used, there is another Ubuntu version which is also very popular namely the server version. The distribution is called Ubuntu Server. One of the main differences between the two versions is that Ubuntu Server doesn’t have a graphical user interface by default or is just text.
As for CentOS, Due to its extensive use of upstream sources, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, CentOS has developed and has a reputation as a secure and stable server OS. These two are major factors in choosing a linux distro for your server. CentOS is also highly customizable, where you can remove services you don’t need.
Ubuntu receives more frequent updates than CentOS and generally has newer packages. This can be good and bad. This means Ubuntu will receive new features sooner, and also find bugs sooner to fix. The slower update cycle used by CentOS helps maintain stability but may mean you will not immediately receive security updates which may be critical and have fatal consequences for your Server.
Winner: CentOS is slightly ahead of Ubuntu thanks to its solid stability.
Installation and Configuration: CentOS vs Ubuntu
Both CentOS and Ubuntu offer efficient installation processes, but they each have different strengths. With Ubuntu Server, you don’t get a graphical interface, but installation is still easy for nearly everyone. While the Ubuntu installer aims to be easy for anyone, CentOS aims to make the process quick and easy for system administrators.
If you are using the Ubuntu desktop version for your server, configuration is fairly straightforward. Installing software, changing settings, and turning services on and off are relatively straightforward. CentOS also provides a robust set of configuration options, albeit using several different applications on the back.
Configuring CentOS or Ubuntu via a different command line. You will find several configuration files in different places, the big difference is the package manager used by each distribution or distro. Ubuntu uses
Apt whereas CentOS uses
Yum. Using the following commands is fairly straightforward, but there are a few key differences between the two.
Winner: Ubuntu wins out here thanks to its ease of use and the abundance of documentation you’ll find online.
Performance: CentOS vs Ubuntu
If you run resource-intensive applications or services on your server, the performance of the operating system matters. Although Linux distros have roughly the same performance compared to other operating systems, some of them still have their advantages.
Ubuntu servers are slimmer by default, which makes this server feel lighter. But on CentOS you can also tweak this OS to have a lighter performance if you want or need to. Looking at the reports from Phoronix, Ubuntu is sometimes better than CentOS, and other times that CentOS is superior.
Winner: Both are equally good and have great performance.
Laptop use: CentOS vs Ubuntu
While the main purpose of this article is to examine CentOS vs Ubuntu for server usage, they are both operating systems for desktops too. If you often use both of these on the server, you will certainly find it much easier when running and using them on a laptop.
This is where you will see some of the more dramatic differences between the two. CentOS 7 uses Linux kernel 3.10, while Ubuntu 18.04 uses Linux kernel 4.18. The newer kernels bring support for newer hardware.
If you are using a relatively new laptop, you may find that CentOS is unable to recognize certain hardware. In some cases, you can find and install drivers for the hardware itself, but it’s also very tricky sometimes. As for Ubuntu it will have better support for newer laptops in general.
On the other hand, if you have CentOS installed on a laptop launched a few years earlier, CentOS might work fine. Chances are good that if it works fine initially, it will continue to function properly even after an update. This is one area where you can really prove CentOS stability.
Winner: Ubuntu wins this category thanks to the abundance of hardware it supports and also the abundance of software.
Other Aspects to Consider
If you are using a VPS (Virtual Private Server) from a company best hosting as Niagahoster, Domainesia or IDCloudHost, the installation process is as easy as setting up a new server. You don’t have to worry about the installation process at all, nor do you have to worry about whether certain hardware is supported.
The size of the community around each distro is also something you need to pay attention to. Due to its popularity, Ubuntu has many more community repositories available. It also has more users who might be having the same problem you are having and they can share about how they solved the problem.
CentOS has less market share than Ubuntu, but the documentation provided by Red Hat Enterprise Linux can help you.
Which server distribution or distribution is right for you?
If you are still having trouble making your choice after reading the above comparison between CentOS vs Ubuntu, think about which Linux distro is more comfortable for you. You’ll be using this distro a lot, so if that still confuses you, go with the OS you use more often. Because if you are more familiar with one of the OS between Ubuntu and CentOS it will make daily maintenance tasks a lot easier.
And if this is new to you and you don’t have much experience with CentOS or Ubuntu? Ubuntu is a great choice for inexperienced or first-time Linux users because there is a lot of extensive documentation and a wider community.
And that’s a complete explanation of the comparison of the two operating systems from the Linux distribution CentOS vs Ubuntu for various uses and conditions. Hopefully this article was useful and helped make it easier for you to choose between the two, namely CentOS vs Ubuntu.