As an open source operating system (open source) and free, Linux is the ideal operating system for servers and it is the operating system most or popularly used as an option for building a secure and reliable server. The developer community behind every Linux distribution (distro) regularly reviews the source code of their chosen OS to make sure it’s bug free. Read → Complete Guide: How to Install Linux Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Desktop.
When the choice comes to servers, the emphasis should obviously be on stability. While upgrading or upgrading is a good thing, it has the potential to disrupt the smooth running of your server.
I’ve looked at some of the favorite Linux server distributions from everyone even large companies and have summarized a selection of the best server distros in this article, including those operating systems that offer long-term support, stability, and ideally have a fast installation and setup process.
5 Best Linux Server Distros
You can choose one of the Linux server distributions below for the purpose of building your own server, client, office or in your company. In addition, you can also learn about this linux server in depth because there are so many companies both small, medium and large who are looking for people who can operate and maintain this linux server well.
Debian is more than 20 years old and this is a Linux distribution that is consistent and has been developing this operating system for a very long time, this is due to the emphasis on producing a stable operating system and Debian is trusted by many large companies because of its server reliability and stability. This is especially important if you want to set up a server as updates can sometimes conflict with existing software.
There are three branches of Debian, named ‘Unstable’, ‘Testing’ and ‘Stable’. To be part of the Stable release or the current stable one, the package must have been reviewed for several months as part of the Testing release. This results in a much more reliable system – but don’t expect Debian to include a lot of ‘bleending edge’ software as a result.
You can get started with Debian using a very small Network Boot Image which is less than 30MB in size. For a faster setup, download the larger Network Installer which is less than 300MB, which contains more packages.
2. Ubuntu Server
While Ubuntu is best known for bringing Linux desktops to the masses, its Server variants are also very competitive. Canonical, the company behind Ubuntu, has developed an LTS (Long Term Support) version of Ubuntu Server, which has a taste like the Ubuntu desktop version, where the operating system can be updated up to five years after the release date, this can avoid problems when you want to upgrade your server. You repeatedly. Canonical also periodically releases Ubuntu Server versions at the same time as the latest desktop distributions (eg 18.04.1).
If you intend to build your own cloud platform, you can also download Ubuntu Cloud Server. Canonical claims that more than 55% of the OpenStack cloud is already running on top of the Ubuntu Cloud server. For a fee, Canonical will even set up a managed cloud for you using BootStack.
OpenSUSE (formerly SUSE Linux) is a Linux distribution specially designed for developers and system admins who want to build their own servers. The easy-to-use installation can be configured to use ‘Text Mode’ instead of installing on a desktop environment to get your server up and running.
OpenSUSE will automatically download the minimum packages needed for you, meaning that only essential software is installed. The YaST Control Center allows you to configure network settings, such as setting a static IP for your server. You can also use the built-in Zypper package manager to download and install essential server software such as postfix.
4. Fedora Server
Fedora is a community-developed operating system based on the commercial Linux distro Red Hat. Fedora Server is an OS-specific implementation, allowing you to deploy and manage your server using Rolekit tools. The operating system also includes the powerful PostgreSQL Database Server.
Fedora Server also includes FreeIPA, allowing you to manage authentication credentials, access control information, and perform audits from one central location.
You can download the full 2.7GB ISO image from Fedora Server using the link below. The same page contains a link to a NetInstall Image of at least 583MB from Fedora’s Download other section for faster barborebone setup.
Like Fedora, CentOS is a community that develops Linux distributions, originally based on the commercial Red Hat Enterprise Linux OS. In this regard, the developers behind CentOS 7 have promised to provide full updates for the OS until the end of 2020, with maintenance updates until the end of June 2024 – which should save you the trouble of doing a full update to your server in the near future.
You can avoid unnecessary packages by installing a ‘minimal’ ISO from the CentOS website, which at 906MB can fit on a 90 minute CD-R. If you want to get started, the site also offers preconfigured AWS instances and Docker Images.
And that’s some of the list of the best Linux server distributions that you can choose and use freely for the purposes of building a personal server or for other commercial purposes. You don’t need to hesitate because the linux servers from the list above have been tested and are known throughout the world for their ability to run reliable servers. Hopefully this article was useful for you and good luck. 🙂